Under the Framework of the One UN in Pakistan, Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) is a Joint Programme Component within the UN Delivering as One. The inception of RAHA – in 2009 – owes to the presence of three million Afghan refugees in Pakistan in the preceding three decades, resulting in social, economic and environmental consequences. Almost 1.7 million Afghans refugees still remain in Pakistan following their large-scale repatriation in 2002.
RAHA, which is currently being implemented in 12 districts of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and now also being extended to FATA, is in line with the Government of Pakistan's repatriation strategy for Afghan refugees. The programme was conceived on the basis of two need assessment studies jointly conducted by UNDP and UNHCR – the administrative and convening agents of the programme, respectively – in the target areas.
Donors and Participating UN Agencies:
|1. The European Union provided Euros 39.8 million for a period of four years (2011-15) to implement programme activities in 103 union councils of six districts each in Balochistan (Chaghi, Killa Abdullah, Killa Saifullah, Loralai, Pishin and Quetta) and KP (Buner, Haripura, Lower Dir, Nowshera, Peshawar and Swabi). || |
|2. The Government of Japan provided USD 22 million in 2010 to implement programme activities in nine districts of KP and Balochistan. |
| 3. The Government of Japan provided a further USD 12.8 million in 2010 to implement programme activities in Khyber Agency in FATA. |
| 4.The Government of Germany. |
| 5.The U.S. State Department. |
|6.The Ministry of SAFRON.|
The Participating UN Agencies in the programme include:
These target areas include:
RAHA aims at ensuring peaceful coexistence of Afghan refugees, who are well documented, with the local communities until the situation in Afghanistan becomes conducive to their return. The programme, which also aims at strengthening the Government of Pakistan's governance and public service delivery, has primarily been developed to improve the standard of living of more than one million Pakistanis who have hosted or are still hosting Afghan refugees.
RAHA contributes to a transition from purely humanitarian to more development-oriented interventions, aimed at socioeconomic development and environmental rehabilitation of the areas and communities adversely impacted by the presence of Afghan refugees. The specific objectives of the programme include:
- Greater social cohesion through community development;
- Improved livelihoods and local economies;
- Restoration of social services and infrastructure;
- Improved social protection for co-existing Pakistani and Afghan communities;
- Restoration and improvement of the environment; and
- Return of IDPs anchored and absorption capacity created by small-scale community-based reintegration initiatives.
Almost 1.45 million people (727,516 Pakistani men and 656,158 Pakistani women; and 33,217 Afghan men and 31,914 Afghan women) have so far benefitted from RAHA interventions. The key achievements of the programme include the following:
- 26,225 individuals organised in the form of 1,053 (646 male and 407 female) community organisations in the target areas through effective social mobilisation. Forming a community organisation requires three to four consultations with the community; almost 2,100 such consultations/dialogues have been conducted by RAHA social mobilisation teams with the communities. Community organisations, which generally comprise 20-40 households, have been facilitated in identifying and prioritising their most pressing needs at the village level.
- 603 infrastructure projects implemented through the communities and government line departments. These projects include 479 community physical infrastructures (CPIs), such as solar lights and water pumps, latrines, street pavements, flood protection walls, water storage tanks, etc; 36 farm to market and village roads; and 21 water and sanitation schemes
- 547 government officials imparted training in areas such as project cycle management, participatory monitoring and evaluation, conflict resolution, effective communication, disaster risk reduction, and gender mainstreaming. These areas were identified by the trained government officials through a needs assessment exercise. The training events helped them support and facilitate community initiatives.
- 1.560 community members (859 female and 701 male) trained in various market-based skills. These skills include plumbing, wood work, bead work, embroidery, beauty treatment, tailoring, auto mechanics and mobile repairing. 454 community members, including 228 women, have initiated income generation projects due to these trainings.
- 99 individuals with disabilities have been identified and provided mobility aids and rehabilitative support in consultation with the community organisations..
- KP: Community Organisations' Prioritised Needs through Participatory Resource Constraints Analysis – July 2011-June 2012(CO Analysis)
- Balochistan: Union Council-wise Details of Village Organisations formed under RAHA (VO details)